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Reducing individual taxes 个税减少  

2011-03-17 11:30:00|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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The rapid surge of China's fiscal revenue so far this year makes a compelling case for prompt and sweeping tax reduction for as many as possible Chinese households.

迄今中国财政收入的快速增长,使促进尽可能的家庭的税减成为必须的工作。

Raising the personal income tax-free threshold to accommodate the rise in living expenses amid soaring inflation is the least that Chinese policymakers can do right now.

提高个税的起征点以适应通货膨胀所带来的生活成本的提高,这是中国的政策制定者能够立即做到的。

But a thorough overhaul of the current taxation system, which has ostensibly failed to tilt the distribution of wealth in favor of ordinary consumers, should also be put on the government's agenda at the earliest possible opportunity.

但是统观当前的税收体系,表面上财富分配并没有向普通的百姓倾斜,其也应该尽早提上政府的议事日程。

With the newly approved 12th Five-Year Plan (2011-2015) giving more weight to improving people's living standards than the pace of economic growth, the government can no longer afford to ignore the fact that aggressive taxation eats away at consumers' spending potential.

新通过的12五计划将提高人民的生活标准凌驾于经济增长之上,政府不能再回避这样的事实,过高的税收将侵吞掉消费者的消费潜力。

Latest statistics show that China's fiscal revenue increased by more than a third year-on-year in the first two months of this year to 1.85 trillion yuan ($281.6 billion).

最新的数据表明,中国的财政收入在今年的头两个月同比增长了1/3,达到了1.85万亿元。

At a time of great uncertainties about global growth, which have forced some countries into a tight corner over their ballooning public debts, China's strong revenue growth should be regarded as a boon. It was the wherewithal that the Chinese had to quickly activate massive infrastructure investment that enabled the country to take the lead in emerging from the 2008 global financial and economic crisis.

在全球经济增长极大不确定时期,这迫使许多国家陷入膨胀的公共债务困境中。中国强劲的财政增长应该视为一种恩赐。

中国需要加快刺激巨大的基础设施投资,使国家能够带头从2008全球财政及经济危机中摆脱出来。

But while China's growing coffers continue to shore up confidence in the new phase of social and economic development, the virtues of its sound fiscal condition should not be overplayed to the extent that it is achieved at the cost of Chinese consumers' purchasing power.

但是,当中国增长的财政持续支撑着社会经济发展新阶段的信心时,强劲的财政环境不应该被过份夸大——已经达到中国消费者购买力成本的程度。

It is particularly noteworthy that the country's personal income taxes increased by 54.6 percent during the first two months to 146.6 billion yuan.

值得注意的是,国家的个人收入税增长在前两个月增长了54.6%,达到了1466亿元。

In addition to rapid economic growth and price hikes, the Ministry of Finance attributed such a strong revenue growth to payment of annual bonus during the Spring Festival holidays, which fell in February this year.

此外快速的经济增长及价格上升,财政部归因于强劲的财政增长,在春节间的年度奖金的支付,这在2月份已经下降。

That looks like a matter-of-fact analysis. China's real income growth and climbing consumer prices will indeed raise the amount of personal income tax that individuals have to pay.

这是实事求是的分析。中国实际的收入增长及上升的消费价格将实际上增加了个人必须支付的个税的数量。

Nevertheless, this explanation neither justified the rise in personal income taxes by such a wide margin nor touched on the real problems within the existing taxation system.

然而,说明不但没有通过如此大余地而调整个税收入的增长,而且也没有涉及到现存税收体系的真实问题。

With the nominal income levels for rural and urban residents going up 14.9 percent and 11.3 percent respectively last year, it is hard to justify the 54.6-percent increase in personal income taxes. More importantly, the huge rise of both personal income taxes and overall fiscal revenues will likely point to a further decline of people's income as a share of gross domestic product.

去年城市及农村名义上的收入水平分别增加了14.9%及11.3%,在个人所得税54.6%的增长是很难证实的。更重要的是,个人所得税及整体财政收入的巨大增长,将致使人们的收入进一步下降,做为国民生产总值一部分。

If the country is to transform its growth model to rely more on domestic consumption for balanced and sustainable growth, policymakers have to come up with a new and consumer-friendly taxation system.

如果国家改革其增长模式平衡及稳定发展,要更多的依赖于国内消费,政策制定者需要制定一个新的便于消费者的税收体系。

(China Daily 03/16/2011 page8

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